Wednesday, 16 July 2014

Nigeria champions integrated approach to NTDs at the World Health Assembly


The first six months of 2014 has already seen a number of milestones reached for the international neglected tropical disease (NTD) community, including the successful NTD-focused side event at the 67th World Health Assembly (WHA) in May and the celebration of progress made on eliminating river blindness by the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control  at the World Bank.  A running theme throughout the discussions at these events has been the importance of taking an integrated approach to eliminating a number of NTDs by the end of the decade.

UKCNTD's Dr Wendy Harrison.
Image courtesy of US Mission
But what does ‘an integrated approach’ mean in practice? It may mean integration of disease specific interventions into broader public health systems, across different groups of diseases, or integration across sectors. Integration is not just another buzzword, but a real approach to effectively controlling this group of diseases.  Both evidence and common sense tell us that we cannot expect to achieve and sustain our NTD control and elimination goals unless we also tackle the underlying causes – namely the provision of safe water, sanitation and hygiene facilities (WASH) and  health care access - and do so in a joined-up way.

One example where integration is yielding results is in Nigeria.  As a country with one of the heaviest burdens of NTDs globally, and one which has successfully launched its ‘NTD masterplan’ (a multi-year national plan to control and eliminate several NTDs under the London Declaration), it offers a wealth of valuable insights.  The WHA side event in May, which was hosted by the Nigerian government and supported by the UK Coalition against NTDs, south-south sharing of learning was central to the discussion.   

Nigeria’s Minister of Health, Professor Onyebuchi Chukwa, and the Director of Public Health, Dr Bridget Okoeguale, highlighted what they see as the foundation of success in combating these diseases: building stronger health systems, equipped to deliver and sustain effective control programmes alongside interventions grounded in a public health approach. To this end, Dr Okoeguale highlighted that Nigeria is working to embed NTD care within primary health care structures to bring together preventive and curative care. She called on the NTD and WASH sectors to work together across departments responsible for Environment, Water, Education, Housing and Media.

This is certainly an approach supported through the Nigerian NTD elimination programme led by Sightsavers, where both local government and global donors such as the UK government aid agency, DFID, have committed funds to control several NTDs.  The success of this programme rides on all parties collaborating under a united goal and sharing knowledge and resources. The programme is designed to support the strengthening of the Nigerian health system alongside delivering targeted interventions to eliminate NTDs.

During the WHA event, this approach was supported by both the World Health Organization and international donors, including representatives from DFID and USAID, who emphasised the investments being made into WASH programmes in NTD endemic countries.  Dr Wendy Harrison, Chair of the UK Coalition against NTDs reiterated the importance of cross-sectoral collaboration to meet the WHO 2020 roadmap goals and the need to embed and standardise monitoring of the impact of NTD programmes on health systems. 

All parties at the event were in clear agreement that cross-sectoral integration is vital and that without access to safe effective WASH and health services, NTD elimination will not be possible.  However, whether or not this happens will depend on the level of political will, leadership and resources dedicated to achieving our goals in a sustainable way.  As the recent  announcement of £39m  by the British Government to help support the elimination of trachoma in highly endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa reminds us, NTDs have never been as well supported or as prominent on the global health agenda. However there still remains a global $200million per year funding gap that needs to be addressed if we are to meet the ambitious goals of control and elimination as laid out in the 2012 London Declaration.

We need to make sure that we leverage these global commitments and this momentum to achieve our goals in a way that builds systems to provide safe and effective WASH and health services, and delivers on our commitment to control and eliminate these diseases in a sustainable way.


Friday, 9 May 2014

Be part of the NTD discussion at the World Health Assembly on 22 May

The UKCNTD are joining forces with the Federal Ministry of Health in Nigeria to host a special session to discuss the evolution of integrated and cross-sectoral approaches to the control and elimination of NTDs. 
Entitled 'The Power of Integration: Achieving the control and elimination of Neglected Tropical Diseases', this interactive forum will hear from internationally renowned experts, policy makers and donors about current best practices and the latest innovative implementation strategies being employed by endemic country governments and their development partners. 
Speakers include:

Chair: Dr Maria Neira, Director, Public Health and the Environment Department, WHO
Opening: Prof Onyebuchi Chukwu, Minister of Health, Nigeria
  • Dr Bridget Okoeguale, Director of Public Health, Nigeria
  • Dr Dirk Engels, Director, Dept of Control of NTDs, WHO
  • Ministry of Health, Tanzania
  • Dr Wendy Harrison, Chair, UK Coalition against NTDs
  • Nichola Cadge: Health Adviser, DFID
We hope to announce additional high profile speakers in the run up to this event.

For those who will be in Geneva on the 22nd the meeting's vital statistics are:

Time: 12.15 – 13.45
Venue: Room XXIII (23)
Lunch and refreshments will be provided

For those who can't make the meeting you can follow the proceedings live on @UK_NTD



Friday, 11 April 2014

Taking the Neglect out of Neglected Tropical Diseases - Paris 2014

​​Two years after the landmark London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases which set out the ambition to control and eliminate 10 NTDs by 2020, global leaders gathered in Paris yesterday to announce increasing momentum to fight the diseases that put one in six people worldwide at risk of being sickened, disabled or disfigured. 

NTDs disproportionately affect the world's poorest and most vulnerable populations. Since the London Declaration which put the collective weight of 13 leading pharmaceutical companies, global health organizations, private foundations, and donor and endemic country governments behind a new push to reduce the global burden of NTDs—the partnership has made strong progress in ramping up efforts to reach the World Health Organization (WHO)'s goals to control or eliminate a number of these diseases by the end of the decade.
Researchers in Africa assess worm prevalence in child samples through microscope


The gathering coincided with the release of a new report highlighting gains over the past two years, including pharmaceutical companies meeting 100 percent of requests for drugs, and endemic countries taking ownership of NTD programmes.

"The tremendous progress we have seen over the past two years is proof of the power of partnerships and the generosity of companies that made commitments under the London Declaration," said Dr. Margaret Chan, Director-General of the WHO, who spoke at the event.

"Together with the governments of endemic countries, we are fast approaching the goal of controlling or eliminating many of these ancient causes of human misery. This is a pro-poor initiative that is improving the lives of more than a billion people."

Funding Announced for School-Based Deworming


The day's big announcement saw the commitment of a $120 million fund to combat soil-transmitted helminths. These intestinal worms are among the most common infections found among children living in poverty and they severely impact on child health, nutrition and learning abilities.

Jamie Cooper-Hohn, Chair of Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) announced that, "CIFF is now committing an additional US$50 million over the next five years to implement large-scale systematic approaches to deworming in a number of countries, with the hope that, ultimately, we can break the transmission of worms and achieve the vision of: every child, everywhere, free from worms forever."
Other organisations also announced their commitment to rid children of worms including:
  • The World Bank - committing US$120 million toward the goal of NTD control and elimination in low-income countries in Africa, including funding for school-based deworming efforts.​ 
  • The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation - investing US$50 million to explore the feasibility of interrupting transmission and mitigating the risks of drug resistance, as well as the most effective cross-sector approaches.
  • Dubai Cares - designing programmes that will integrate nutrition, WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) and deworming interventions in schools to increase student enrollment and learning outcomes.
  • The Global Partnership for Education - collaborating with the World Bank to assist education sectors in developing countries to deliver donated deworming drugs to children.
  • The World Food Programme working to ensure deworming is provided to millions of children as part of current school feeding programmes.

Useful Links

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Wednesday, 12 February 2014

UK House of Lords welcome UK Coalition's expertise and call for increased global support

On 7th February a special Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) debate was held at the UK's House of Lord's to mark the second anniversary of the London Declaration on NTDs. Tabled by Baroness Helene Hayman the discussion welcomed the high levels expertise brought by UKCNTD members to the research and implementation of effective NTD programmes and called for the UK Government to encourage donor government partners to follow its lead in supporting and advocating for improved NTD control strategies.

A key success of the 2012 London Declaration is that NTD control strategies are beginning to be prioritised by the global community, as noted by Baroness Hayman "[NTDs]inclusion in the 'healthy lives' goal of the high-level panel on the post-2015 development agenda, published in May last year, was, I believe, a crucial step forward”.

Baroness Hayman highlighted the work that the UK Coalition against NTDs, and like-minded alliances in NTD endemic countries were undertaking to develop sustainable and effective NTD control programmes. "The academic and voluntary sector, both of which are so strong in the UK, have much to offer both in research and in resource. Such technical support [from coalitions] will be essential for plans such as the recently drawn-up Africa regional NTD strategy if it is to be successful."

However, even with the wide ranging support offered by the London Declaration financing remains an issue. Baroness Hayman said, "Given the relative cheapness—we know that many would argue that treating NTDs was the best bang for your buck that you could get in public health expenditure—and the cost efficiency of NTD control work, given the extensive drug donations, it has been estimated that there is still a £200 million funding gap to be bridged if we are to meet the goals of the London Declaration."

She continued, "I am not asking Her Majesty’s Government to meet this gap themselves; they have already been generous and committed in this area. However, I ask the Minister what progress the Government is making in championing investment in NTD work with other key international donor governments, particularly perhaps France, Germany and Australia."

"Combating NTDs punches above its weight in broader health and wider development terms. We need to renew and reinvigorate our commitment to research, prevention and treatment programmes."

Baroness echoed the UK Coalition's call for increased coordination and integration of development initiatives by saying, " Integrating existing strategies such as mass drug administration with broader public health programmes such as those on water, sanitation and education, we not only enhance the effectiveness of those strategies but start to build from the bottom up the sort of universal health coverage and health systems needed to underpin development."

  • Download the Minutes from the NTD debate
  • Thursday, 28 November 2013

    UK Coalition Against NTDs Launches 4th Annual NTD Report

    4th Annual Report of the UK Coalition Against NTDs
    This Friday 29 November the UK Coalition Against Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) will launch its 4th Annual Report to the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Malaria and NTDs (APPMG) which outlines key recommendations to see the control, eradication and elimination of NTDs.

    NTDs continue to place a huge burden on the poorest and most vulnerable communities in the world; they are keeping the bottom billion at the bottom. These insidious diseases hinder development by affecting the most marginalised and voiceless communities living in poverty and conflict zones, keeping individuals and communities trapped in a cycle of poverty as a result of pain, disfigurement, and disability (mental and physical).

    The 4th report outlines NTD elimination progress and needs within the development context, the integrated and inter-sectoral approaches necessary to help achieve this, surveillance of countries post-elimination as well as presenting current ideas in the NTD debate. The report also provides a global picture on NTDs displaying a map illustrating areas identified for control and elimination and factsheets on common NTDs.

    Wednesday, 26 June 2013

    High Level Panel Report of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda Released

     

    At the beginning of June, the high level panel (HLP) co-chaired by Prime Minister David Cameron passed its recommendations to the UN secretary-general Ban Ki-moon on the future of the global development agenda.

    The report is a hugely ambitious one and has managed to target many of the most pertinent issues in development today and in the future, ranging from food security to economic development and water and sanitation to good governance. It has also crucially included a health specific goal of ensuring healthy lives.

    The report has not only built on the millennium development goals (MDGs) but has also looked beyond them up to 2030. For NTDs, this is hugely important.

    Great progress has been made in the areas targeted by the MDGs such as malaria and HIV/AIDs with notable successes in both. However, inevitably, those issues that were excluded from the process did suffer in terms of attention and funding, with NTDs a notable example from the health sector.

    The Coalition is delighted to note that the report has called for NTDs to be included in the top-level health targets, alongside HIV and AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. By giving NTDs this platform, we are hopeful that this will help to ensure millions of people can look forward to a future free from the burden that these diseases cause.

    Looking ahead, we now await the next stage of this consultative process where the UN General Assembly will make a final decision on what the development agenda will look like beyond 2015 incorporating the sustainable development agenda. The report notes that for all the health goals, the indicators should be further disaggregated and the Coalition urges that this be done with precision, incorporating tangible targets beneath the overarching health goal.
    

    Tuesday, 28 May 2013

    NTDs at the World Health Assembly


    Members of the UK Coalition against NTDs recently attended the World Health Assembly in Geneva to support the passing of a resolution on neglected tropical diseases. The resolution urges Member States to ensure country ownership of NTD programmes and supports an integrated approache to achieve the World Health Organisation NTD roadmap targets.

    Read our statement to the World Health Assembly (presented by Sightsavers):

    "Thank you, Chair, for the opportunity to address the World Health Assembly on behalf of Sightsavers who currently Chair the UK Coalition against neglected tropical diseases. We are pleased to share our support for this resolution and its recognition of the importance of NTDs to global health.

    We welcome Dr Chan’s support for NTDs. This leadership is essential and needed more than ever to reach our ambitious control, elimination and eradication targets by 2020. WHO recognition that increased investment in NTDs has improved health and social well-being in many countries is valued- and we commend the political will that this resolution demonstrates.

    This resolution represents a transformative milestone, continuing the positive momentum generated by the London Declaration and the WHO Road Map. We applaud the recognition that NTDs represent a major global health priority and that partnership, collaboration and integration must form the bedrock of the drive to end NTDs. This partnership must include endemic country governments, NGOs, donors and pharmaceutical companies.  

    We look to WHO member states to lead the charge and ensure that the resolution’s implementation realises the need for cross-sectoral collaboration across planning, programme implementation monitoring and evaluation. Endemic countries must be supported to implement NTD programmes in an integrated, community-led way, targeting the poorest and most marginalised populations and delivering sustainable, lasting change.

    The elimination of NTDs rests on consistent action to tackle their structural determinants. In particular, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services represent a major safeguard against many of the NTDs and should be promoted and supported as part of a cross-sectoral commitment to reaching the WHO’s 2020 targets.

    We encourage endemic country Member States to bring together all relevant NTD stakeholders including health, water and education actors to drive forward cross-sectoral action.  NTD implementation plans must be aligned with wider health systems based on primary health care with strong community participation and cross-sectoral collaboration if they are to be sustainable.

    As partners actively engaged in the implementation, capacity building and research of NTDs, the UK Coalition will continue to support a cross-sectoral approach- championing efforts to develop the diversity and breadth of stakeholders involved in NTDs.

    NTDs are diseases of poverty; afflicting those who are subject to low access to water and sanitation services, poor or limited access to health care and overcrowded living conditions. NTD control and elimination will contribute to increased education outcomes, economic productivity and it will reduce social inequalities in health within and between countries. We have the tools and the knowledge of what needs to be done to end the suffering caused by NTDs. However our ambition to end these"